Milia (Milialar) Disease: What They Are, Causes, & How to Get Rid of Them

Milialar Disease

Are you troubled by the presence of tiny, stubborn bumps on your skin, especially on your face? If you’re grappling with these perplexing skin concerns, you might be dealing with a condition known as Milia, or as some refer to it, “Milialar.”

These small, often pearly white or yellowish cysts can make their appearance on the skin’s surface and can be a cosmetic worry for many. But don’t fret, as in this article, we’ll delve into the world of Milia—what they are, what causes them, and most importantly, how to bid them adieu.

We’ll unravel the mysteries of these enigmatic skin cysts, providing you with a comprehensive guide on managing and preventing them effectively. So, let’s embark on a journey to understand and conquer Milia Disease, ensuring you can enjoy clear and radiant skin.

Definition of Milia (Milialar): What is it?

Milia Disease, often referred to as “milialar,” is a common and benign skin condition that manifests as small, round, white or yellowish bumps on the skin’s surface. These tiny cysts can appear anywhere on the body, but they are most frequently seen on the face, particularly around the eyes and on the cheeks. While milia are typically harmless and painless, they can be a source of cosmetic concern for many individuals.

These bumps are small, typically measuring only one or two millimeters in diameter. It is common to describe them as looking like whiteheads, but there are many differences between the two. Milia, on the other hand, are caused by trapped dead skin cells lodged in small pockets just below the surface of the skin, unlike whiteheads.

Milia Disease can be categorized into different types, each with its own set of characteristics and causes. Primary milia are the most common and occur as a result of natural skin processes, while secondary milia develop as a response to skin damage or certain medical conditions. Additionally, neonatal milia can be found in infants and tend to resolve on their own without any specific treatment.

Why Milia (Milialar) can be a cosmetic concern

Milialar can indeed be a significant cosmetic concern for individuals who experience them. These small, white, or yellowish bumps on the skin’s surface can affect one’s appearance and self-esteem. Their cosmetic impact lies in their visibility, as they often appear on the face, particularly around the eyes, nose, and cheeks, which are focal points during social interactions.

The unsightly nature of milia, which can be mistaken for whiteheads, adds to the concern. The visibility of these bumps can lead to feelings of self-consciousness and discomfort. Moreover, their presence in such noticeable areas on the face can make makeup application challenging, as milia can disrupt the even texture and finish of makeup, making it harder to conceal them.

Individuals often desire clear and blemish-free skin, and the presence of milia can disrupt this desired aesthetic. Appearance-related concerns can have a significant impact on self-esteem and confidence, making it all the more important to address milia from a cosmetic perspective. Additionally, milia can sometimes be confused with acne, which can lead to frustration and incorrect treatment approaches. Thus, understanding the difference between the two is crucial to effectively address these skin issues.

What are the types of milia?

Milia can be categorized into several types based on their causes and characteristics. Understanding the different types of milia is essential for appropriate management and treatment. Here are the main types of milia:

  • Neonatal milia: This type of milia develops on the skin of newborns, usually on the face. It is caused by keratin becoming trapped under the skin’s surface. Neonatal milia usually go away on their own within a few weeks to months.
  • Primary milia: This type of milia can develop on people of all ages, but it is most common in children and adults. It is caused by clogged pores. Primary milia usually go away on their own within a few weeks to months, but they can also persist for years.
  • Secondary milia: This type of milia develops after the skin has been damaged, such as from a burn, blister, or injury. Secondary milia can also develop as a side effect of certain medications.
  • Milia en plaque: This rare type of milia develops in clusters on raised patches of skin. It is more common in adults than in children.
  • Multiple eruptive milia: This rare type of milia develops in clusters on the face, upper arms, and upper abdomen. It can also be itchy.

If you are concerned about milia, it is important to see a dermatologist to get a diagnosis and discuss treatment options.

Causes of Milialar: How common Milia are and who is most likely to develop them.

There are several reasons why Milialar can develop, and understanding the causes and risk factors is essential to understanding why some people develop these cysts more frequently. Here, we’ll explore the causes and prevalence of milia, shedding light on who is most likely to be affected:

Common Causes of Milia

Milia develops when dead skin cells become trapped in small pockets just beneath the skin’s surface. The primary causes of milia include:

  • Natural Skin Processes: Primary milia are often a result of natural skin processes. This can happen when the skin is unable to exfoliate dead skin cells properly, leading to their accumulation in tiny cysts.
  • Skin Damage: Secondary milia can occur as a response to skin damage, such as burns, blisters, or certain skin conditions. Injured skin can struggle to shed dead cells effectively.
  • Topical Corticosteroids: Long-term use of topical corticosteroid creams, often prescribed for skin conditions like eczema, can contribute to the development of milia. These creams can interfere with the skin’s natural exfoliation process.
  • Skin Diseases: Certain skin conditions, such as porphyria cutanea tarda and Hailey-Hailey disease, are associated with milia. They can disrupt normal skin shedding and cell turnover.

Prevalence of Milia

Milia are a common skin condition, and they can affect individuals of all ages, although some groups may be more susceptible. Here’s an overview of the prevalence:

  • Neonatal Milia: Neonatal milia is quite common among newborns. It’s estimated that up to 50% of infants may experience milia shortly after birth. These milia are usually temporary and tend to resolve on their own within a few weeks to months.
  • Children and Adolescents: Milia can also occur in children and teenagers. While less common than in infants, they can still be prevalent in this age group.
  • Adults: Milia can affect adults of all ages. They are more common in adults who have certain risk factors, such as a history of sun damage or the use of heavy, comedogenic skincare products.
  • Seniors: Elderly individuals may also develop milia, often due to reduced skin cell turnover and other age-related factors.

Who is Most Likely to Develop Milia

While milia can affect people of any age, some factors make certain individuals more likely to develop them:

  • Sun Exposure: Prolonged exposure to the sun can contribute to milia, as it can thicken the skin and lead to the buildup of dead cells.
  • Heavy Skincare Products: Using heavy or comedogenic skincare products that clog pores can increase the risk of milia, especially on the face.
  • Genetics: Family history may play a role in susceptibility to milia. If milia are common in your family, you may be more likely to develop them.
  • Hormonal Changes: Certain hormonal changes, such as those associated with pregnancy, can affect skin cell turnover and potentially lead to milia.
  • Medications: Some medications can influence skin health and make milia more likely to develop.

Milia is a common skin condition with a range of causes, and they can affect people of all ages. While milia are generally harmless, understanding the factors that contribute to their development can help individuals take preventive measures and seek appropriate treatment if necessary.

Differentiating Milia (Milialar) from Acne

AspectMilia (Milialar)Acne
DefinitionSmall, white or yellowish cysts on the skin’s surface.A skin condition characterized by clogged hair follicles, leading to pimples, blackheads, and whiteheads.
CauseTrapped dead skin cells beneath the skin’s surface.Clogged hair follicles, often due to excess oil, dead skin, and bacteria.
Appearance– Small, round bumps. – Typically, white or yellow. – Non-inflammatory, no redness or swelling.– Can vary in appearance. – May include pimples, blackheads, whiteheads, and inflamed lesions. – Often associated with redness and swelling.
LocationCommonly found on the face, especially around the eyes and cheeks.Can appear on the face, back, chest, shoulders, and other body parts.
Pain/DiscomfortTypically, painless and not associated with discomfort.May be painful or tender, especially with inflamed acne lesions.
Pus or FluidMilia contains no pus or fluid; they are solid, cyst-like structures.Acne often involves the presence of pus, especially in pustules and pimples.
Treatment– Topical retinoids may be used. – Professional extraction by a dermatologist. – Cryotherapy (freezing). – Laser therapy.– Topical treatments (e.g., benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid). – Oral antibiotics for more severe cases. – Hormonal therapy for hormonal acne.
Scarring RiskMilia typically does not leave scars when treated properly.Acne lesions can leave scars, especially if picked or squeezed.
Prevention StrategiesFocus on exfoliation and using non-comedogenic skincare products to prevent milia.Preventing acne may involve maintaining good skincare practices and managing factors like diet and stress.
Differentiating Milialar from Acne

Safe and Effective Home Remedies (Treatments) – How to Get Rid for Milia

Milialar are small, often innocuous cysts that can appear on the skin’s surface. While professional medical treatment is typically the most reliable option for addressing milia, some home remedies may offer relief or even help prevent their occurrence. It’s important to understand that results can vary among individuals, and not all home remedies will work for everyone. Here, we explore some Rid options for Milia:

1. Gentle Exfoliation:

  • Method: To gently exfoliate the affected area, you can use a mild exfoliating scrub or a soft, damp washcloth.
  • How it Helps: Exfoliation aids in the removal of dead skin cells that may contribute to the formation of milia, as they get trapped beneath the skin’s surface.
  • Caution: It’s essential to avoid aggressive scrubbing, as this can irritate the skin and potentially worsen the condition.

2. Steam and Comedone Extractor:

  • Method: Start by steaming your face to open up the pores, and then, using a comedone extractor (a tool with a small loop), carefully attempt to remove the milia.
  • How it Helps: This method can facilitate the gentle extraction of milia from the skin, which might be more effective once the pores are open.
  • Caution: It is crucial to exercise extreme caution when using an extractor. If you are not experienced in this, it’s safer to have a dermatologist perform the extractions to prevent skin damage or scarring.

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3. Topical Retinoids:

  • Method: Applying over-the-counter or prescription-strength retinoid creams to the affected area.
  • How it Helps: Retinoids are known to improve skin cell turnover. This can help prevent new milia from forming and may aid in the resolution of existing milia over time.
  • Caution: It’s important to adhere to the instructions on the product and, if uncertain, seek guidance from a dermatologist to ensure proper usage.

4. Warm Compress:

  • Method: Apply a warm, damp cloth to the area with milia for a few minutes. This can help soften the skin.
  • How it Helps: Softening the skin can make it easier for milia to naturally escape or be more easily extracted.
  • Caution: It’s essential to avoid excessive heat, as it can potentially damage the skin.

5. Honey:

  • Method: Apply a small amount of honey to the milia and leave it on for about 15-20 minutes before rinsing with warm water.
  • How it Helps: Honey possesses natural exfoliating and moisturizing properties that may contribute to milia management.
  • Caution: Individuals with honey allergies should avoid this remedy.

6. Tea Tree Oil:

  • Method: Dilute a small amount of tea tree oil with a carrier oil and apply it to the milia.
  • How it Helps: Tea tree oil is known for its antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties, which may aid in reducing milia.
  • Caution: A patch test is essential to ensure you are not sensitive to tea tree oil. Additionally, avoid using it near the eyes.

7. Baking Soda Paste:

  • Method: Create a paste by mixing a small amount of baking soda with water and apply it to the milia for a short duration before rinsing.
  • How it Helps: Baking soda acts as a gentle exfoliant, potentially aiding in the removal of dead skin cells.
  • Caution: Avoid leaving the paste on for too long, as it can be abrasive and cause skin irritation.

It’s important to recognize that home remedies for milia may not yield instant results. It often takes time to see improvement, and individual responses can vary. Moreover, for those with sensitive or highly reactive skin, it is advisable to consult a dermatologist before attempting any home treatments to prevent potential skin irritation or harm. If your milia persist or worsen, seeking professional medical treatment is strongly recommended for the most effective and safe resolution of the issue.

Doctoral Treatment Options for Milia (Milialar) Disease:

Doctoral treatment options for milia (milialar) disease are typically the same as those offered by dermatologists. These options include:

  • Exfoliation: Gentle exfoliation can help to remove dead skin cells and oil from the surface of the skin, which can help to clear up milia. A dermatologist may recommend using a chemical exfoliant, such as alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) or beta-hydroxy acid (BHA) products.
  • Retinoids: Retinoids are topical medications that can help to increase cell turnover and unclog pores. Retinoids can be effective in treating milia, but they can also be irritating to the skin, so it is important to start with a low dose and gradually increase the frequency of use over time.
  • Extraction: A dermatologist can extract milia using a sterile needle. This is a quick and effective treatment, but it can be uncomfortable and may leave a small scar.

Besides these standard treatments, newer doctoral treatments for milia are currently being investigated. These options include:

  • Microneedling: Microneedling is a minimally invasive procedure that involves using a roller covered in tiny needles to create microscopic punctures in the skin. This stimulates the production of collagen and elastin, which can help to improve the appearance of the skin. Microneedling has been shown to be effective in treating milia, but more research is needed to confirm its long-term efficacy.
  • Laser treatment: Laser treatment can be used to remove milia by targeting and destroying the keratin-filled cysts. Laser treatment is a quick and effective treatment, but it can be more expensive than other treatment options.
  • Radiofrequency ablation: Radiofrequency ablation is a minimally invasive procedure that uses radio waves to heat and destroy the keratin-filled cysts. Radiofrequency ablation is a quick and effective treatment, but it can be more expensive than other treatment options.

If you are considering a doctoral treatment option for milia, be sure to talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits.

Milia (Milialar) in Babies

Milia (milialar) in babies is a common skin condition that affects nearly half of all newborns. It is caused by keratin, a protein that is found in the skin, hair, and nails, becoming trapped under the skin’s surface. Milia appears as small, white bumps on the baby’s face, nose, cheeks, and forehead. They are usually harmless and go away on their own within a few weeks to months.

There is no need to treat milia in babies. However, if the bumps are large or bothersome to the baby, a doctor may recommend gently exfoliating the skin or using a topical retinoid cream.

Here are some tips for caring for milia in babies:

  • Avoid picking at the bumps, as this can lead to infection.
  • Gently wash the baby’s face with a mild cleanser and water once or twice a day.
  • Apply a moisturizer to the baby’s skin after washing.
  • Avoid using harsh soaps or lotions on the baby’s skin.
  • Protect the baby’s skin from the sun by using sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher.

If you have any concerns about milia in your baby, be sure to talk to your doctor.

In addition to the above, here are some other things you can do to help reduce the appearance of milia in babies:

  • Keep the baby’s skin clean and dry.
  • Use a humidifier in the baby’s room to add moisture to the air.
  • Avoid using tight-fitting hats or clothing on the baby’s head.
  • Gently massage the baby’s skin with your fingertips to help loosen the keratin plugs.

If the milia do not go away on their own within a few months, or if they are causing the baby discomfort, talk to your doctor about treatment options.


Milia, often referred to as “milialar,” can be a cosmetic concern for individuals due to their small, white or yellowish cysts that typically appear on the skin’s surface, especially on the face. Milia can also make makeup application challenging, disrupting the even texture and finish of makeup. While milia are generally harmless, their cosmetic impact can lead to feelings of self-consciousness and discomfort.

Understanding the causes, types, and treatment options for milia is essential for individuals looking to manage or prevent this skin condition. Milia can result from factors like dead skin cells becoming trapped beneath the skin’s surface, skin damage, the use of topical corticosteroids, certain skin diseases, and even genetic predisposition. Knowing who is most likely to develop milia, such as newborns, children, adults, and the elderly, can help in early identification and appropriate management.